India, the popular tourist destination is a blend of culture, tradition, heritage, language and cuisines. From the impressive Himalayan mountain ranges to the heavenly exquisiteness of Kerala, from the camel rides of Rajasthan to the beautiful monuments of Delhi, India is place where you can see all the striking facades of Mother Nature. Delhi, the capital of India houses amazing monuments, one such monument is Jantar Mantar which was constructed by well-known Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar positioned in the beautiful state Delhi, the monument houses of 13 architectural astronomy devices. You can see a plaque set on one of the constructions in Jantar Mantar observatory in New Delhi that was sited there in the year 1910 by the Delhi Tourism Board. Well! You might get amazed to know that the plaque was mistakenly dated 1710, but after a research, it was revealed that Jantar Mantar was actually built in the year 1724.
The main reason of the observatory was to accumulate astronomical tables, and to estimate the times and movements of the sun, moon as well as planets. This procedure will be categorized as astronomy, nowadays. Yes! India is just amazing; it will surprise you at every step with its incredible architecture and interiors. Further, there are four different instruments inside Jantar Mantar’s observatory, namely the Ram Yantra, the Samrat Yantra, the Jayaprakash, and the Mishra yantras. Let’s know about popular observatory, from closer.
Samrat Yantra: The Samrat Yantra, also known as Supreme Instrument, is a huge triangle which is mainly an equal hour sundial. It’s almost 70 feet tall, 114 feet long from the bottom and approximate 10 feet thick. It consists of 128 foot long hypotenuse, alongside Earth's axis, indicating North Pole. Other part of the triangle of Jantar Mantar includes a quadrant along with graduations, which signifying hours, minutes as well as seconds. When this instrument was being constructed, sundials was already their but Samrat Yantra converted the basic sundial into a precision tool for evaluating declination and other associated coordinates of diverse blissful bodies.
Jayaprakash Yantra: The Yantra comprises hollowed out hemispheres with spots on their curved surfaces. Traverse wires were extended between points on their edge. From the core of the Ram, one can align the location of a star with diverse window's edge as well as markings.
Mishra Yantra: With the use of this Yantra, one can make out the timings of the most of the cities, around the globe. Also, it was the only observatory not created by Jai Singh II.