Bandhawgarh wildlife sanctuary is located at Umaria district of Madhya pradesh State of India, covers an area of 105sq .km and buffering zone of 407 sq. km. It is declared as National park in 1968. This wildlife sanctuary derived its name from ancient fort, situated inside the forest. It belongs to the Vindhaya mountain range and boasts of have higher density of tiger population in India. This is also the country of white Tiger and had been found in the old states of Rewa for many years. The last known white tiger was captured by Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa in 1951.
The natural vegetation of park includes mainly sal trees, but towards upper part of its vegetation becomes mixed such as Sali, saj, saja dhobin etc. In the northern region of the park, you can find bamboo forests and stretches of grass land. The southern part of the park boats of shrubs and dry grassroots. But in the central part, historical forts are the main attraction for the tourist. It consists off more than 32 forts expanded to the stretches of grasslands.
As far as the wildlife of sanctuary is concerned, no other park can compete with it .It is an ideal home to more than 50 tigers and it seems so fascinating to watch tigers sleeping in the shade or hunting in their natural habitat. Apart from tigers, the park provides shelter to other animals such as leopard and various other species such as Nilgai, Chausinga, Chital, Chin Kara, Wild boar and sometimes fox or jackal. The mangrove and evergreen forest covers also offers shelter to the avian life and reptiles for instance browed fantails, steppe eagles, green pigeons, grey Malabar hornbills, blossoms headed parakeets, blue bearded bee eaters, green bee eaters, owls, wood shrikes; reptiles like python and cobra.