Situated in the colorful state of Rajasthan, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the most sought tourist destination in India for bird watchers. It is also known as Keoladeo National Park, ideal home for endangered species of birds. The sanctuary is expanded up to 29 sq km, commonly regarded as ‘Orinthololigist paradise’. The park is entitled as protected area sanctuary in 1971, declared as world's heritage site by UNESCO.
The sanctuary falls in semi-arid bio type, thus, vegetation includes tropical dry deciduous forest, intermixed with dry grassland in areas where forest has been degraded. From the term Ghana simply means thicket. Despite off artificially manipulated marshes, most of the area is covered with medium-sized trees and shrubs. The vegetation of the forest boasts off mostly kalam or kadam, jamun and babul, kandi and ber. Babul and ber dominates the whole area.
The sanctuary is an ideal destination for bird, it also includes some endangered mammals and reptiles such as Bengal fox, jackal, striped hyena, common palm civet, small Indian civet, Indian grey mongoose Herpestes edwardsi, fishing cat, leopard cat, jungle cat and smooth-coated otter, Ungulates include blackbuck, chital, sambar, hog deer, nilgai and wild boar and feral cattle, Indian porcupine and Indian hare. Reptile boasts off water snakes, Indian python, banded krait, green rat snake, turtles and monitor lizard.
According to an estimate more than 65 million of fishes are carried out in the sanctuary during the flood thus makes it paradise for survival of birds. It is regarded as one of the best place for bird watching and home to more than 362 species of endangered domestic and migratory birds for instance gadwall, shoveler, common teal, cotton teal, tufted duck, comb duck, little cormorant, great cormorant, Indian shag, ruff, painted stork, white spoonbill, Asian open-billed stork, oriental ibis, darter, common sandpiper, wood sandpiper and green sandpiper, Sarus crane, warblers, babblers, bee-eaters, bulbuls, buntings, chats, partridges and quails. Grey hornbill and Marshall's iora, osprey, peregrine, Pallas' sea eagle, short-toed eagle, tawny eagle, imperial eagle, spotted eagle and crested serpent eagle.