India is a home to several wildlife sanctuaries which make this country a paradise for nature lovers. It includes 2000 different types of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plant. Tourist from all over the world comes to India to explore its rich wildlife and natural vegetation. But gradual intervention of human being into the ecology of the forest leads to the natural imbalance. There are many reasons behind the threat to the wildlife and eco system such as deforestation, poaching and negligence towards nature and animals. That is why the Indian Government has started several projects to maintain the eco balance. Some of them are described below.
Tiger Reserves: A glimpse of black and yellow combination behind the grass or rock , seem so fascinating that everyone wants to catch this moment in his camera . But it has become a utopia due to tiger's inclusion in the list of extinct animal. Thus Indian government has started a special project for preservation of tigers, known as Tiger reserve project, in 1972. There are many tiger projects running in India for example: Corbett National park in Uttar Pradesh, Kanha National park and Bandavgarh National park in Madhya Pradesh, Sariska and Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan, Sunder bans National Park in West Bengal. Many of Tiger project are established in the former hunting grounds of former Indian and British aristocracy.
Eco- tourism: It is new approach of generating employment for the locals as well as creating awareness about ecological conservation through tourism. It is nature based tourism where education and Ecology interpretation is prime constituent. In India, Eco-tourism has been started in 1980's at some places such as Himalayan Region, Kerala, the north-east Indian states, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and the Lakshdweep Islands. They are some places where you can explore the natural flora and fauna of the India wildlife attractions. Thenmala in Kerala is the first place in India where full planned eco tourism experimented.
Further, The Indian government has established more than 571 wildlife sanctuaries to protect the natural balance. Carnivores, Herbivores and Predators all are important one for the environment. Through Wildlife conservation, India has become one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. It compromises 3.29 million sq. km of total area that boasts of floral and faunal species, mammals, reptiles, insects and birds.