Dachigam national park is situated 22 km away from Srinagar, the capital of Jammu & Kashmir, covers an area of 141 sq km. The literally meaning of name of the park is ten villages. The park was established by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir in 1910 and declared as national park in 1981. It is situated at an altitude of 5500 to 14000 feet. Due to vast variation in the altitude, the park is divided into two regions- upper and lower region. The best time to visit the upper division of the park is summer and for lower division; winter.
The park is an ideal place for the exploration of natural vegetation. The mountainous region is loaded with thickly covered evergreen trees. Down the valley you can find alpine pastures, waterfalls, scrub vegetation with deep gullies and undulating meadow.
In summer, the park is covered with variety of flowers but winter remains dry. Besides them, the flora includes Wild Cherry, Pear, Plum, Peach, Apple, Apricot, Walnut, Chestnut, Oak, Willow, Poplar, Chinar, Birch, Pine and Elm.
The Dachigam national park is the perfect home to the several endangered and rare mammals which include especially Hangul or Kashmiri Stag, Musk Deer, leopards, Himalayan Gray Langurs, Leopard Cats, Asiatic Black Bear, Jackals, Hill Fox, Himalayan Weasel, Yellow-throated Martens, Jungle Cats, Long Tailed Marmots.
Besides the mammals, it is paradise for bird watchers. Here you can get a remarkable opportunity to see rarest of rare birds for instance Cinnamon Sparrows, Black Bulbuls, Himalayan Flycatcher, Lammergeyer, Black and Yellow Grosbeaks and Himalayan Ruby throats.
Since the park falls in the higher altitude, thus, it presents perfect amalgamation of flora, fauna and natural sight seeing. Kashmir is already known as the Paradise of the earth and a visit to the Dachigam National park, you will land into the heaven of the earth which will be unforgettable for you.