Hemis national park is situated at the northernmost part of India i.e. East of Ladakh. Quite popular among adventure tourist, the park covers an area of 3350 sq. km. It is located 40 km southeast from Leh and has got its name from the famous Buddhist Gompa. (Hemis Monastery). It is established in 1981 for the conservation and protection of its flora and fauna and has been major tourist attraction for wildlife travelers and nature lovers. The park is situated with an altitude of 3500 to 6933 meters and Indus river passes through the middle of the park.
Due to higher altitude and thin soil, the park compromises of poor vegetation. The most part of the park is dominated by alpine and steppe with patchy forests and shrub species at the bottom of the valleys. The moist upper mountain slopes nurtures limited areas of alpine vegetation. The remaining mountain slopes and open hillsides boast off primarily steppe vegetation. The valleys compromise of high altitude desert characterized by sparse grasslands and herbaceous vegetation on mountain slope.
Hemis National park is famous for one of the endangered species of the world snow leopard. According to survey, the number of the snow leopard is approximately 30 and you will never these cats anywhere in the world. Apart from the snow leopard, the park is an ideal home to the several other mammals such as Himalayan wolf, red fox, Pallas's cat, wild dog, bharal (Blue Sheep), Ibex, Tibetan argali, Ladakh urial, long-tailed marmot and Himalayan mouse hare.
It is also an ideal shelter to many rare species of birds for instance Himalayan snow-cock, Tibetan partridge, chukar, snow pigeon, red-billed chough, horned lark, hill pigeon, yellow-billed chough, black-billed magpie, white-tailed ruby-throat, common raven, blue-throat, mountain cliiffchaff, grey wagtail, robin accentor, alpine accentor, and rock buntin.