Kumarakom Bird sanctuary, also known as Vembanad Bird Sanctuary, is located at Kottayam district of Kerala, state of India, on the bank of Vembanad Lake. Situated at God's own country, Kerala, it is considered as an ornithologist's paradise and a favorite haunt of migratory birds. It covers an area of 57 sq km on southern bank of river Kavnagar River.
The landscape of the Kumarakom Bird sanctuary is loaded with mangrove forests, green paddy fields, and coconut grooves. Blooming lilies increase the beauty of the sanctuary and attracts thousand of tourist all over the year. The evergreen forest and crystalline water bodies provides shelter to many local birds such as the waterfowl, cuckoo, owl, egret, heron, cormorant, moorhen, darter, Brahminy kite and the duck, as well as the migratory Siberian crane, Parrot, teal, lark, flycatcher etc.
The best way to explore the natural habitat of birds is motorboat and house boat. Through boat safari one can enjoy enchanting beauty of birds without disturbing them. The boat safari becomes more enchanting when tourist passes through the tranquility and calmness of the water bodies. The island of Parithamal (means Sands of night) is the major centre for viewing the many endangered domestic and migratory birds. The story of the island is very interesting and it goes back to many years ago when a Brahmin entered into the water to perform his evening ablution, gave land from rise it below.
Another option to search birds is walking. One can get an unforgettable chance to explore the beauty of birds such as Herons, Darters, Storks, and Teals, through walking.
Apart from the bird sanctuary, there are many other visiting places in Kottayam for instance a driftwood museum at Chakranpad and imaginary Ayemenem of Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things is set in the area.