Nagarhole national park has got its name from two words – Nagar means Snake and hole means streams. Established in 1955, it was declared as forest reserve covered area in 1975. The park was a hunting ground for former Maharaja's of Mysore and located at 96 km from Mysore in Karnataka. It covers an area of 16,579 sq km and recently renamed as Rajiw Gandhi national park.
The park is an ideal location for the wildlife travelers through out the world. The fauna of the park consist off mainly tropical and deciduous forest such as teak and eucalyptus Because of the high rainfall it covered with swampy grassland , known as hadlus in local language.
Due to the tropical forest area cover, it is an ideal destination for the wild life tourist. The park includes many endangered and rare species of mammals and reptiles such as four-horned antelope, sloth bear, jungle cat, civet, spotted deer, elephant, wild dog, flying fox, tiger, panther, gaur (Indian bison), sambhar, wild boar, black-naped hare, bonnet macaque, and pangolin. Cobras, crocodiles, kraits, pythons, vipers, and several species of lizards are some reptiles found here.
Apart from the mammals and reptiles, it offers variety of option for bird watchers as it is the home to the more than 250 species of birds for instance babbler, bee-eater, bulbul, dove, crested serpent, hornbill, Malabar pied, alexandrine, peacock, woodpecker, warbler, great Indian reed, eagle, crested hawk, golden-back parakeet, and the southern tree pie and Nagarhole.
The Nagarhole national park is well connected by the rail, road and other mode of transportation. It is only 96 km away from Mysore, the garden city of south India. You will be surprised by the natural wealth of the national park.