Situated in the Western Ghat of India, Periyar national park is one of the oldest parks in India. It was established in 1895 and declared as protected area for the tigers in 1973. It covers 777 sq km of area out of which 360 sq km falls into tiger reserve. It is located in god's own country Kerala and expanded to the border of Tamilnadu. The park falls in the middle of mountain area of Cardamom hills, presents perfect amalgamation of sight seeing and natural vegetation. It is surrounded by the 26 sq km picturesque lake at the heart of the park
The physiology of the park includes of Western Ghat hills. It receives heavy rainfall during monsoon season, thus, the thickly trees are surrounded by the water bodies, heavy shrubs and mud which boast off wild vegetation and animal life. Some of the deeper valley contains tropical evergreen forest with extremely thick tree that even bright sunlight finds hard to penetrate. The trees have caught the amazing height of 130-140 feet
Which boasts off Vateria indica, Cullenia exarillata, Hopea parviflora, Canarium strictum, Artocarpus hirsutus and Bischofia javanica.
The Periyar national park is considered as paradise of elephant safari. It is the largest home for the elephant in India. They are more than 1000 elephants found in the park. Apart from the elephant it provides shelter to the 62 different kinds of animals which include tigers, elephants, leopards, gaur, the Lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri langur, the Malabar giant squirrel, porcupine, wild dog, sloth bear, jungle cat, sambar, palm civet, wild boar and jackal. The park also boasts off some reptiles such as snake, lizards, turtle, python, king cobra etc. It is the perfect destination for the bird watching which compromises off some endangered birds like Darters, Cormorants, Kingfishers, the great Malabar hornbill and racket tailed Drongoes.
Since, Periyar national park lies in Kerala which fall in tropical zone, thus receives heavy rainfall and unbearable heat during summer and monsoon. So the best time to explore the beauty of natural wealth of the forest cover is between November and April.