Tiger is considered to be jewel of Indian wildlife sanctuary, regarded as the national animal of India since the 2500 BC, the Indus valley civilization. A glimpse of black and yellow combination behind the grass or rock, seem so fascinating that everyone wants to catch this moment in his camera. But it has become a utopia due to poaching of tigers for its body parts. That is why Indian government has started a special project for preservation of tigers, known as Tiger Reserve Project. In these tiger reserve project, several wildlife sanctuaries are transformed into tiger protected area. Initially, the projects covered only 9 tiger reserves around an area of 16,339 sq. km, at present the project is expanded to the 27 tiger reserves which includes 37761 sq. km with the population of 1448 tigers.
The Project was started in 1972 at Dhikala Forest Reserve house in Corbett national Park. The basic motto of the project is to provide safe and protected area to the national animal of the nation where they can expand their breeding and, thus, help to maintain the ecology balance. There are several tiger projects running in India, such as Sunder bans Tiger project, Ranthambhore Tiger projects, Sariska Tiger Project, Corbett Tiger Project, Bandhawgarh tiger project, Periyar tiger project, Kanha Tiger Project, Panna Tiger project etc are some famous shelters for tigers.