Rajaji national park is situated around Shivaliks, foothills of Himalaya, covers three districts of Uttrakhand; Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal. It covers an area of 820 sq km, established in 1983. The park has been named after the eminent freedom fighter and last Governor-General of Independent India C. Raj Gopalachari.
The forest eco-system of the park is quite diverse. It includes tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, in particular those of the Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests eco region. According to the survey of the forest department, the forest cover of the park mainly associations of Shorea, Mallotus and Adina community; Shorea, Terminalia and Bridelia community; Dalbergia, Acacia community; Syzygium, Phoebe and Drypetes community. The physiognomy and fauna can be categorized into mainly six types: 1. Sal forest 2.Mixed forest 3.Riverine forest 4. Scrub forest 5.Grassland 6.Sub-tropical pine forest.
The dense, evergreen and mangrove forest cover provides shelter to more than 23 species of endangered and rare mammals which include tigers, leopards, elephants, deer, jungle cat, wild boar and python, civet and even king cobra. And it is also an ideal home to more than 350 species of domestic as well as migratory birds such as pea fowl, woodpeckers, pheasants, kingfishers and barbets, supplemented by a number of migratory species during the winter months.
The Ganga and other adjoining river of it is the perfect shelter to the more than 49 species of fish which is considered to be the back bone of avian life in the park. Apart from these wildlife attractions, Shivaliks terrain is the perfect location for adventure tourism such as rafting, sky diving trekking etc. In this way, the Rajah National Park emerges as perfect amalgamation for Wildlife and adventure tourism.