Ranthambore National park is one of the largest national parks and most notable in north India. The park is situated in Sawai Madhopur district of Colorful state Rajasthan, 130 km away from the State capital Jaipur, the pink city. It was regarded as hunting ground of former royals of Rajasthan, now it emerges as one the famous wildlife sanctuary to explore tiger's beauty in its full glory. The park is expanded to over an area of 1334 sq km along with nearby sanctuaries like – The Massing Sanctuary and Kayla Devil Sanctuary. It is situated down the meeting point of Aravali and Vindhyachal Hill ranges. Rivers Chambal and Banas enhance the glory and majestic beauty of the Sanctuary.
The park is home to more than 340 species of plants. The region receives moderate rainfall, thus the vegetation of the park includes mainly of the dry deciduous type.
The most notable trees of the park compromise of dhok, Banyan (Ficus bengalensis), Pipal, Neem (Azadirachta indiaca). There are other fruit tree found here such as Mango (Magnifera indica), Jamun (Syzygium cumini), Ber (Zizyphus Mauritania), and Tamarind (Tamarindicus indica also known as Imli). Beside them, palas (Butea monosperma) the Babul (Accasia nilotica), Gum (Sterculia urens), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris), Khair (Accacia catechu), Kikar (Acacia nilotica), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Ronj (Acacia leucophloea) and Tendu (Diospyrous melanoxylon) can be seen.
Ranthambore National park is one of the most notable parks in India for its Royal Bengal tigers. It provides shelter to more than 50 tigers, the Jewel of Indian wildlife. Apart from tigers, the fauna includes leopards, jungle cat, hyena, jackal, porcupine, wild boar, sloth bear, marsh crocodile, langur, Indian gazelle, spotted deer, sambar (Asiatic stag) and nilgai (blue bull), the langur etc.
Being an ideal shelter to the tigers, it is a perfect destination for bird watchers. The avian attractions boasts off more than 270 species of endangered domestic and migratory birds for instance great Indian horned owl, eagles, parakeets, spoonbills, kingfishers, partridge, quail, storks, owls, geese and ducks. The peacock, national bird of India is found in abundant amount.