Simlipal national park is situated at Mayurbhanj district of Orissa, India. It is one of the most famous elephant reserve in east India, covers an area of 845.75 sq km. it has derive its name from Semul or red silk cotton trees, grows abundantly in the region. The park is a complete eco system where tourist can explore the natural vegetation, its wild life and adjoining tribal areas. From the terrain of the park, there are more than 12 rivers flows for instance Burhabalanga, Palpala Bandan, Kahairi and Deo. It has been established in 1956 and entitled as protected area for tigers in 1979.
With its rich biodiversity, it is home to the more than 1026 species of plants belong to 102 families. 96 types of orchids also have been found here. The vegetation of the sanctuary includes mixed forest , known as Orissa semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist broadleaf forest and tropical moist deciduous forests with dry deciduous hill forest and high level Sal forests. The evergreen grasslands and savanna provides shelter to several carnivores. The forest also boasts off many medicinal and aromatic plants, which are major source of income for the tribal. Here you can explore the plants of Eucalyptus, planted by the British in 1900's.
The Simipal National Park is an ideal shelter to more than 42 species of mammals, 242 species of birds and 30 species of reptiles. Thanks to the efforts made by the wildlife department, now it is home to the more 100 royal Bengal tigers. Apart from the tiger, the fauna of the park includes Tiger, Leopard, Asian elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Jungle cat, Wild boar, Chausingha (four horned antelope), Giant squirrel and Common langur. the p[ark has moderate amount of reptiles such as snakes and turtles. The park authority has initiated the "Mugger Crocodile Management Programme" for the survival of crocodile. Despite of these mammals and reptile , it has become a major destination for the bird watchers the park boasts off several endangered domestic and migratory birds such as Red Jungle fowl, Hill Mynah, Peacock, Alexandrine Parakeet, Crested Serpent Eagle, Grey Hornbill, Indian Pied Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill and Indian Trogon.