One of the most sought wildlife destination in India, Sundarbans National Park is one of the most visited parks of India, formed by the confluence of three rivers the Ganga, The Brahmputra and the Meghna. It is located amidst world’s largest Delta and covers an area of 2585 sq km. The sanctuary is declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in 1987. The inner circle of the park includes 885 sq km as protected area for the Jewel of Indian Wildlife, Royal Bengal tiger. The park is situated in West Bengal and expanded to the Bangladesh and established in 1984.
The mangrove and dense vegetation of the park includes 64 plant species. The most trees are thick and can stand estuarine conditions and saline inundation on account of tidal effects. The main dominant tree of the park is Sundari and it has got its named from the plant. This marsh vegetation covers elements of the Malayan Peninsular and Polynesian regions, together with some Indo-Chinese, Ethiopian and a few of the New World.
Sundarbans national park is paradise for the wildlife travelers as it one of he most notable parks of India for Tigers. You can find more than 400 royal Bengal tigers, hunting or sleeping in the shade in their natural habitat. Apart from the tigers it is the perfect shelter to other mammals and reptiles such as Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Common Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chital , including estuarine crocodiles, chameleons, water monitors, Hard Shelled Batgun Terrapins, Mouse Ghekos, monitor lizards, and Cuvier's Dwarf Caiman; turtles, including Olive Ridley, hawksbill, and green turtles; and snakes including pythons, King Cobras, rat snakes, Russell's vipers, Dog Faced Water Snakes, Chequered Killbacks, and Common Kraits.
Apart from these mammals and reptiles it emerges as a hub of bird watching which include open bill storks, black-headed ibis, Water Hens, Coots, Pheasant-tailed Jacanas, Pariah Kites, Brahminy Kite, Marsh Harriers, Swamp Partridges, Red Jungle fowls, Spotted Doves, Common Mynahs, Jungle Crows, Jungle Babblers, Cotton Teals, Herring Gulls, Caspian Terns, Gray Herons, brahminy ducks, Spot-billed Pelicans, etc.