Valley of Flowers national park is located around the western part of Himalaya, notable for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and outstanding natural beauty. It is situated in Uttrakhand state of India covers an area of 87 sq km. The gentle landscape reminds us mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park. The p[ark has got some description in Hindu texts Ramayana and Mahabharata where it was described as paradise of Himalayan region. But in 1931, Frank smith a British mountaineer traveled the place and mesmerized by the enchanting beauty of the valley which is full of flowers and named it as “Valley of Flowers”. Valley of flowers is filled with colors as it has hundreds of different flowers. It was entitled as National park in 1982 and finally declared as world Heritage site by UNESCO.
The main vegetation of the park includes fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper. The condition is drier at the lower part of region. As we go upward, we find no vegetation. The lower part of the sanctuary includes dense, mangrove, and evergreen coniferous trees.
Many medical herbs and plants are found in the majestic hills. The vegetation also covers alpine grasses and shrubs at higher altitudes. It is an ideal location for botanist and nature lovers as they can explore wide range flowers such as mostly orchids, poppies, primulas, calendulas, daisies and anemones carpet the ground.
Due to the diverse topography of the, it has become an ideal centre for nurturing different species of mammals and reptiles for instance tahr, snow leopard, musk deer, red fox, common langur, bharal, serow,Himalayan black bear, Himalayan brown bear, Pika (Mouse hare) and a huge variety of butterflies. Apart from the mammals it also includes rarest of rare domestic and migratory species of Birds such as Himalayan Golden Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Snow Partridge, Himalayan Snow cock, Himalayan Monal, Snow Pigeon, Sparrow Hawk etc.